[1]孔寒冰.社会主义联邦制国家:形成、纠结与解体[J].江西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2012,(01):22-28.
 KONG Hanbing.Socialism Federal System Country:Formation,Tangle and Disintegration[J].,2012,(01):22-28.
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社会主义联邦制国家:形成、纠结与解体()
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《江西师范大学学报》(哲学社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2012年01期
页码:
22-28
栏目:
出版日期:
2012-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Socialism Federal System Country:Formation,Tangle and Disintegration
作者:
孔寒冰;
北京大学国际关系学院,北京,100871
Author(s):
KONG Hanbing
关键词:
苏联南斯拉夫捷克斯洛伐克联邦制解体
Keywords:
The Soviet UnionYugoslaviaCzechoslovakiafederal systemdisintegration
分类号:
D73
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
苏联、南斯拉夫和捷克斯洛伐克三个社会主义联邦制国家,以主要的民族区域为联邦主体,本意是要保证各民族的平等。但在实际上,它们都在不同程度上存在着大小民族不平等、不同质民族不平等、事实上的民族裂痕为表面上的平等所掩饰等现象。分属不同文化,受不同大国影响,复杂的历史恩怨大大地弱化了联邦制下的各民族对同一国家的认知程度。更为重要的是,它们在国家结构上是联邦制,可在政治制度上却是高度集权的苏联模式,一党政治集权与一个民族的集权相结合更加强化了三国的内在离心力。三国的联邦制终结不是偶然的,而终结的方式则与各国民族关系的好坏相关。
Abstract:
The Soviet Union,Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia,which are socialism federal system countries,take main national regions as the federal subject.Their original intention is to ensure the equality of nationalities.But in fact,there are such problems in three countries as the inequality of nationalities,the inequality of heterogeneous nationalities,and ethnic rift in fact,etc.Belonging to different cultures,being affected by the different power and complicated historical grievances greatly weakens various nationalities' cognition degree to the same country under the federal system.More importantly,they are the federal system in state structure,but they are highly centralized Soviet model in the political system,the combination between a one-party political centralization and a nationality's centralization further reinforces the internal centrifugal force of three countries.The end of federalism of three countries is not by chance,but the way to the end is related to national relations of various countries.

参考文献/References:

[1]杨希钺,等.民族矛盾与苏联解体[M].上海:上海外语教育出版社,1997.
[2]万世荣.捷克和斯洛伐克联邦共和国解体的缘由和影响[J].国际问题研究,1993,(2).
[3]Jan Rychlík,Rozpad eskoslovenska/esko-slovenské vztahy 1989~1992,s.334.,Academic Electronic Press,Bratislava 2002.
[4]埃莱娜·卡·唐科斯.分崩离析的帝国[M].北京:新华出版社,1982.
[5]郝时远.南斯拉夫联邦解体中的世族危机[M].成都:四川民族出版社,1993.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01