[1]陈桐生.论孔子政治思想的真实内涵——“雍也可使南面”发微[J].江西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2014,(02):67-73.
 CHEN Tongsheng.On the True Connotation of Confucius's Political Thought——Analysis of "Ranyong Also Could Face the South"[J].,2014,(02):67-73.
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论孔子政治思想的真实内涵——“雍也可使南面”发微()
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《江西师范大学学报》(哲学社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2014年02期
页码:
67-73
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the True Connotation of Confucius's Political Thought——Analysis of "Ranyong Also Could Face the South"
作者:
陈桐生;
广东外语外贸大学中国语言文化学院,广东广州,510420
Author(s):
CHEN Tongsheng
关键词:
冉雍孔子德治刑罚明德慎罚
Keywords:
Ranyong Confucius governing the country by morality punishment giving favor more and using less punishment
分类号:
I206.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
孔子有"雍也可使南面"之说,意谓冉雍可以南面称君。对孔子这句话的涵义,前人或从德行求解,或以个性为说。其实在这句话中,包含了孔子真实的政治主张。此前学者多根据《论语》讨论孔子政治思想,视孔子为纯粹的仁政德治论者。但是《论语》并不能全面地反映孔子政治学说,它只收录孔子的德治语录,而舍弃孔子关于刑罚的论断。结合传世文献和出土文献来看,"为政以德"是孔子政治思想的主导方面,但绝不是孔子政治思想的全部。完整的孔子政治思想应该包括德、刑两个方面,即以仁政德治为主,辅之以必要的刑罚。孔子政治学说的直接渊源,是周公关于"明德慎罚"的思想。鲁国各种社会矛盾激化,则是孔子政治学说的现实依据。孔子深知,德刑结合是...
Abstract:
Confucius said:“Ranyong also could face the south.” The sentence meant that Ranyong also could be a king.Predecessor understood it either from virtue or by individuality.Actually,the sentence included Confucius real political thought.Scholars discussed Confucius political thought usually according to The Analects of Confucius before,regarded Confucius as a person who advocated governing the country by pure righteousness and morality.However,The Analects of Confucius could not reflect the political theory of Confucius comprehensively.It only contained Confucius's sayings on governing the country by morality,but abandoned Confucius argument about punishment.Combining handed-down documents and excavated documents,we think that governing the country by morality is the main aspect of Confucius' political thought,but by no means all of Confucius' political thought.Complete Confucius' political thought should include morality and punishment,namely given priority to governing the country by righteousness and morality,supplemented by the necessary punishment.The direct origin of Confucius' political theory is the thought of giving favor more and using less punishment by ZHOU Gong.All kinds of social contradictions intensified in Lu,which was the realistic basis of Confucius' political theory.Confucius knew,combining handed-down documents and excavated documents was the most feasible way of being an official,Ranyong was the only one who had a strong theoretical interests in and understood completely Confucius' theory on punishment and morality in Confucius' seventy students.Accordingly,Confucius said that Ranyong also could be a king.It is also the real meaning of “Ranyong also could face the south” by Confucius.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01