[1]彭建辉.赫尔曼·麦尔维尔短篇小说的真实性建构[J].江西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2014,(06):73-78.
 PENG Jianhui.The Truthfulness in Herman Melville’s Short Stories[J].,2014,(06):73-78.
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赫尔曼·麦尔维尔短篇小说的真实性建构()
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《江西师范大学学报》(哲学社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2014年06期
页码:
73-78
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Truthfulness in Herman Melville’s Short Stories
作者:
彭建辉;
华东师范大学外国语学院,上海,200062
Author(s):
PENG Jianhui
关键词:
赫尔曼·麦尔维尔短篇小说真实性
Keywords:
Herman Melvilleshort storiestruthfulness
分类号:
I109.4
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
赫尔曼·麦尔维尔创作生涯的第二阶段以短篇小说为主,在这一阶段,麦尔维尔的创作风格由早期的浪漫主义逐渐转向现实主义,他在相对较短的篇幅里,更为集中地体现了他对特定社会问题的剖析和见解。通过对《文书巴托尔比》、《贝尼托·切雷诺》和《水手比利·巴德》三个短篇名作的分析,探讨麦尔维尔在小说中构建真实的方法,其中包括象征手法的使用,对"人性化管理"、"种族优越论"、"司法公正"等谎言的批判以及有别于全知全能的叙述方式。以此构建起来的真实是麦尔维尔短篇小说长久魅力的所在。
Abstract:
The second stage of Herman Melville ’s writing career focuses on short stories. In this stage,Herman Melville’s writing style turns to realism from early romanticism. In a relatively shorter length,he intensively reflects his analysis on and insight into specific social issues. Based on the a-nalysis of Wen Shu Ba Tuo Er Bi,Benito Cereno,and the Sailor Billy Budd,the author attempts to discuss the way Herman Melville’s building of reality in short stories,including the use of powerful symbols,the criticism of lies,such as soft-touch management,racial supremacy and justice,and a special narrative style different from the one told by an omnipotent narrator. It is in the truthfulness that the transcendent power of Melville’s short stories lies.

参考文献/References:

[1]Nina Baym(ed.).The Norton Anthology of American Literature[M].(Volume B,6th Edition).New York:W.W.Norton & Company,Inc,2003.
[2]Charles Roberts Anderson.“The Genesis of Billy Budd”[J].American Literature,Vol.12,No.3.(Nov.,1940).
[3]H.Bruce Franklin.“Billy Budd and Capital Punishment:A Tale of Three Centuries”[J].American Literature,Vol.69,No.2(Jun.,1997).
[4]Robert Trivers.Deceit and Self-Deception[M].London:Penguin Books,2013.
[5]Herman Melville,Moby-Dick,Billy Budd,And Other Writings[M].New York:The Library of America,2000.
[6]Joyce Sparer Adler.War in Melville's Imagination[M].New York:The Gotham Library of the New York University Press,1981.
[7]G.R.Thompson.“Introduction to Great Short Works of Edgar Allan Poe”[A].In G.R.Thompson(Ed.),Great Short Works of Edgar Allan Poe[M].New York:Perennial Library,1970.

更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01