[1]刘茂生,刘 甜.《为奴十二载》的伦理表达与生活书写[J].江西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2016,(04):122-126.
 LIU Maosheng,LIU Tian.The Ethical Expression and Description of Livelihood in Twelve Years a Slave[J].,2016,(04):122-126.
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《为奴十二载》的伦理表达与生活书写()
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《江西师范大学学报》(哲学社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2016年04期
页码:
122-126
栏目:
出版日期:
2016-08-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Ethical Expression and Description of Livelihood in Twelve Years a Slave
作者:
刘茂生 刘 甜
江西师范大学 外国语学院,江西 南昌 330022
Author(s):
LIU Maosheng LIU Tian
Foreign Languages College,Jiangxi Normal University,Nanchang,Jiangxi 330022,China
关键词:
《为奴十二载》 文学伦理学批评 伦理表达 生活书写
Keywords:
Twelve Years a Slave ethical literary criticism ethical expression livelihood description
分类号:
I106
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
自传体小说《为奴十二载》以主人公所罗门·诺瑟普屈身为奴的十二年经历为主线,使用倒叙和插叙的手法,成功再现美国南北战争前期惨无人道的奴隶生存状态,真实记录主人公为“回家”而隐忍十二年的心路历程,揭露奴隶制下的残酷人性。以文学伦理学批评为研究视角,沿着“回家”这条伦理主线,通过还原“被卖为奴”发生的“伦理现场”,逐一解构小说中的“伦理身份”、“伦理选择”、“伦理意识”等“伦理结”。在伦理意识的驱动下,所罗门选择通过以文字这一独特的文学样式来叙述自己的生活经验,代表整个黑人民族进行伦理控诉,揭露了万恶的奴隶制和
Abstract:
Taking the long-standing affliction of being a slave for twelve years,the bibliographical novelTwelve Years a Slaveutilizes the approaches of flash-back and interposed narration to represent the brutal and inhuman living conditions of the slaves before American Civil War and record the twelve years’ arduous mental journey of Solomon Northup’s struggling for “going home”,revealing the cruel human nature of that era.This paper intends to analyze the ethical line of “going home” from the perspective of ethical literary criticism.Given the ethical scene of “being sold as a slave”,the paper attempts to decode a sequence of “ethical complexes”,for instances,the “ethical identity”,“ethical choice” and “ethical consciousness”,so as to uncover the slaves’ ethical appeals.Driven by ethical consciousness,Solomon chooses to narrate his life experience via the unique literary pattern of livelihood description,so as to unveil the relentless slavery and vicious hierarchical orders to the masses.On behalf of the entire black race,he initiates the ethical indictment as a herald,chants the hymns for the blacks,vents the anti-slavery ethical appeal and provides impetus to the advancement of abolition movement.

参考文献/References:

[1]Eakin,Sue,and Joseph Logsdon.Twelve Years a Slave[M].Baton Rouge:Louisiana State University Press,1968.
[2]Li,Stephanie.12 Years a Slave as a Neo-Slave Narrative[J].America:Oxford University Press,2014,(2).
[3]吴 超.为奴十二年[M].郑州:文心出版社,2013.
[4]聂珍钊.文学伦理学批评:基本理论与术语[J].外国文学研究,2010,(1).
[5]Childs,Peter,and Roger Fowler.The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms[M].London:Routledge,2006.
[6]聂珍钊.关于文学伦理学批评[J].外国文学研究,2005,(1).
[7]Ernest,John.(Re)Mediated History:12 Years a Slave[J].American Literary History,2014,(2).

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-03-08基金项目:国家社科基金重大招标项目“文学伦理学批评:理论建构与批评实践研究”(编号:13&ZD128); 江西省研究生创新基金项目“《为奴十二载》中的创伤与伦理”(编号:YC2014-S117)作者简介:刘茂生(1968-),男,江西吉安人,文学博士,江西师范大学英语语言文学首席教授。研究方向为英美文学。刘 甜(1991-),女,江西吉安人,江西师范大学外国语学院硕士研究生。研究方向为英美文学。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01